What are bridges made of?
There are a variety of different bridge options with the most common ones being:
The bridge member is attached to the teeth that surround the space through PFM crowns.
In the case of bigger holes, metal alloys are used as the framework for crowns and bridges. Metal bases are blended particularly in visible parts with ceramic or plastic in certain cases.
With metal alloys, you can
achieve a higher stability. For example, pure gold is
too soft to keep the bridges stable, so the gold is
alloyed with other precious metals.
Zirconium oxide bridges
The stability of the
zirconium oxide framework is very similar to that of the
PFMs, but they are used more for higher aesthetic
demands. The zirconium oxide denture does not have a
metal core and light can shine through it like with
normal teeth. By using this kind of denture, the bridges
can be metal-free and you can avoid negative effects of
a possible allergic reaction.
The adjacent teeth are not polished, but the small parts, or the inlays are inserted into the cavity. The bridge is not attached to crowns, but to the two inlays of the adjacent teeth. It has a benefit in that you do not need to get rid of as much natural tooth substance. However, they are not suited to fill bigger gaps, because oral hygiene under the bridge member and inlays is very complicated. You can make the bridge solely out of a gold-platinum alloy.
If the patient is missing
several teeth and the remaining teeth cannot hold or support the
bridge, the dentist may be able to work with the implants that have been
inserted into the periodontium. If enough implants are
available, the remaining teeth do not need to be
polished. The head screwed into the implant ensures
support for a bridge.
How should I take care of my bridges?
With the right care, a bridge can last for 15 to 20 years. With regular checks by the dentists and good dental care at home, you can avoid replacing bridges. Just like with regular teeth, plaque can build up on the ceramic. For this reason, it is important to go through the daily cleaning routines because you can prevent caries and gingivitis. Under the bridge, where the hole is, you can keep the teeth next to the bridge clean with special cleansing floss, mouthwash.
How often must you go to the dentist for bridges?
You need to visit us at least 2-4 times.
During the first appointment, the preparations, such as removing old crowns or bridges, and tooth polishing, are made. This is followed by the impression, the definition of the color, and the making and fixing of the temporary bridge.
During the second appointment, which occurs around 5 to 10 days after the first, the only thing that is done is the trial of the bridge. It is important because small modifications and corrections can still be made before the blending. However, in certain cases, this can be abandoned.
When the bridge is ready, it
will be installed during the second or third visit, but
it still will not be fully stable. Your dentist sticks
it on temporarily and you have two to three more weeks
to get used to your new teeth. If you do not like it,
they can be removed. The bridge is finally cemented in
during the final appointment.
What is a partial denture?
It is a removable denture. The missing teeth are replaced by a plate of fixed, artificial teeth and the plate with these teeth is anchored to the rest of the teeth in a number of ways (usually with clips). It is then necessary if the dentist does not think it is possible to stick a permanent denture. They are manufactured from plastic or a combination of plastic or metal.
There are three kinds of removable dentures:
· Telescopic denture
· Attachment denture
· Denture clasp
How should I take care of my partial denture?
It must always be removed from the mouth when cleaning. It cleans well under running water with a toothbrush. Toothpaste is not recommended, because it can roughen the polished surface. You need to use a cleaning solution at different intervals.
Filling the gaps between existing teeth is not just a matter of aesthetics. Even if only one tooth is missing, it can have a negative impact on your bite and can lead to the chewing function to collapse.
The opposing teeth grow more out of the mouth, the adjacent teeth move into the holes and if several links are missing, the remaining teeth become overloaded. In toothless jaws, the bone starts to degrade sharply which makes attaching a future denture even harder.
Food residue can also get in
the holes and can lead to caries and gingivitis. If you
do not replace the missing teeth quickly, you run the
risk of losing the other teeth.
How are the teeth
It depends on how many gaps there are, where they are located, and in what condition the remaining teeth are in. There are four possibilities:
· Partial or complete dentures
When are bridges recommended for replacing teeth?
Bridges are recommended when there are gaps between teeth because of tooth loss and the appearance and chewing function are affected as a result.
It makes no sense to invest a lot of money in an expensive new bridge if the other teeth used to anchor the bridge are decayed, will loosen soon because of periodontitis, or are already loose. Firstly, the fundamental defects are cleaned up. Only a tooth that is on a healthy periodontium can hold a bridge, crown, or partial prosthesis. If a tooth is missing, it affects the adjacent teeth, the jaw, the jaw joints and muscles. The dentist can close such a hole with a bridge or an implanted crown.
A bridge only makes sense if the surrounding teeth remain stable and healthy in the jaw for many more years.
It is not possible to insert a bridge without healthy teeth to anchor it.
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